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Generational Dynamics Web Log for 5-Jul-2020
5-Jul-20 World View -- Gleeful China wins big Hong Kong victory at UN Human Rights Council

Web Log - July, 2020

5-Jul-20 World View -- Gleeful China wins big Hong Kong victory at UN Human Rights Council

India's list of China's border disagreements

by John J. Xenakis

This morning's key headlines from

Gleeful China wins big Hong Kong victory at UN Human Rights Council

World map showing countries defending or criticizing China's human rights record (Axios)
World map showing countries defending or criticizing China's human rights record (Axios)

Communist China's state media are claiming a major victory in the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) when 53 countries supported China's human rights record in Hong Kong, and only 27 members opposed it.

The United Kingdom called for the vote to condemn China's human rights record in Hong Kong, after Chinese Communist Party (CCP) implemented a new Hong Kong Security Law that imposes harsh restrictions on freedom. For example, a person can be arrested and jailed for 5 years to life for merely criticizing a CCP policy or action.

The CCP action violates the commitment that China made to Britain in a 1984 agreement that was registered with the UN. The commitment was that after Britain handed its Hong Kong colony over the China in 1997, China would guarantee a high degree of freedom and autonomy in Hong Kong for 50 years, until 2047.

For many years, the US, UK and other Western nations have ignored or overlooked human rights violations in China. However, the violations have become extrement egregious since the rise of dictator Xi Jinping. The CCP has also committed many other human rights violations, including arresting, torturing and enslaving millions of Muslim Uighurs in East Turkestan (Xinjiang province), as well as arresting and torturing Buddhists in Tibet and Christians anywhere who simply pray to Jesus. The CCP thugs claim that they're the Master Race and all the rest of us are barbarians, but every day the CCP proves that we in the West are far superior, and the CCP thugs are barbarians with an IQ of 50, with no capability other than to bluster and kill.

And we have to mention that the CCP apes are so stupid that they didn't stop the Wuhan Coronavirus when they could have, but instead let it spread, and then purposely seeded the virus into dozens of other countries, something they continue to believe is a victory for China.

So the CCP media is quite gleeful about their victory in the UNHCR. According to the puppet media Global Times:

"A total of 53 countries supported China's national security law for Hong Kong at the 44th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva on Tuesday, triumphing over 27 members that attacked and called for harsh measures against China over issues involving Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet.

The landslide victory was seen by experts as showing that China's achievements in human rights have won more supporters and become known by wider audiences. The double standards of some Western countries that tried to politicize the UNHRC and to use human rights-related issues as weapons to attack China, brought themselves more criticism within the international community."

Rogue's gallery of international criminals support China

The people supporting China's human rights record form an interesting rogue's gallery of countries, many with their own devastating human rights record.

Some are brutal dictatorships that torture, jail and arrest political opponents and journalists: Cuba, Cambodia, Cameroon, Egypt, Iran, Venezuela, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria and others.

Some, like China, are currently committing genocide and ethnic cleansing, or have done so recently: Myanmar (Burma), Syria, Zimbabwe, Burundi, Cambodia, and others.

Belarus is the only European country supporting China.

The vast majority -- over 40 -- are part of China's Belt and Road Infrastructure (BRI) project. China has been using "debt trap diplomacy" on these projects and now, particularly in Africa, many countries can no longer make their debt payments, thanks to Wuhan Virus lockdowns and downturns. So these countries are at China's mercy and they have no choice but to do as their Chinese puppetmasters tell them.

The complete list of countries supporting China are:

China, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Belarus, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo-Brazzaville, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, UAE, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Most Western countries condemn China's human rights record

Many countries did not vote at all. The United States did not vote because it is no longer a member of the UNHCR, after withdrawing in 2018 because the agency is too political -- which is pretty obvious from this latest vote.

European countries voted overwhelmingly to support the condemnation of China's human rights record. However, Spain, Italy and Poland abstained, which analysts say shows that there is no coherent European policy when it comes to China. That's no surprise.

Here's a list of the countries that voted to condemn China's human rights policy:

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Germany, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom.

India's list of China's border disagreements

While we're making reference lists of countries that support or condemn China's human rights policies, this is a good time to re-post a list of China's border conflicts, according to Indian media.

On Friday, India's prime minister paid a surprise visit to the troops in Ladakh, facing the Chinese troops on the other side of the border. Modi gave a speech to the troops, including the following:

"Age of expansionism is over, now, is the age of development. The policy of development is the foundation of mankind and is the only policy relevant today. History has witnessed that the expansionist policy has hurt humanity the most. Expansionist policy has always threatened world peace. History has witnessed that such forces have either lost or were forced to turn back. This is what the world has experienced so far and it has once again made up its mind against the policy of expansion."

Modi didn't mention China, but it's obvious that's who he meant. In response, the Hindustan Times posted the list of China's 21 border conflicts. The following is the list:

"China's 21 border disputes

Xi Jinping’s China has territorial disputes with 20 more countries, not just India over Ladakh

President Donald Trump on Thursday waded right in the middle of India’s dispute with China, asserting that Beijing’s aggressive stance in Ladakh fits with the larger pattern of Chinese aggression in other parts of the world. President Trump’s office did not elaborate on China’s aggression elsewhere but is seen as a clear reference to Beijing’s efforts to enlarge its position on border disputes. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had recently called it China’s “rogue attitude” as he announced the movement of US supercarriers in the Indo Pacific region to counter China’s aggressive posture.

According to Beijing watchers, China has traditionally suffered from xenophobia against foreigners. The Middle Kingdom’s fears were exacerbated in the past two centuries as a result of which China believes that it is the only civilizational power in the world and the rest are either tributary states or barbarians.

China has had territorial disputes with 21 neighbours including India over its claims on land and sea. Here is a complete list of its disputes.


China claims the southern part of the Spratly Islands chain. Brunei, on the other hand, claims part of South China Sea nearest to it as part of its continental shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone


China and Philippines disagree over parts of the South China Sea including the Spratly Islands. Philippines took the dispute to the International Court of Justice where they won the case but the Chinese side did not abide by the order of the ICJ. Tensions have continued between the two countries despite economic incentives offered by China.


China’s nine-dash line overlaps the Natuna Sea/Exclusive Economic Zone of Indonesia leading to disputes. China claims fishing rights in waters near the islands. Indonesia government argues that China’s claims are not recognised under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Indonesia irked China in July 2017 when it renamed parts of the South China Sea as North Natuna Sea to underscore its claim.


China’s dispute with Malaysia also revolves around parts of the South China Sea, particularly the Spratly Islands. Its claims cover only islands included in its Exclusive Economic Zone of 200 miles as defined by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Malaysia has a military presence on three such islands that it considers to be part of the continental shelf.


Singapore is not a claimant state in the South China Sea disputes but is closely aligned to the United States and allows the presence of US naval forces in Singaporean waters. It does not want to antagonise China by openly taking sides though it does advocate freedom of navigation and resolution of all disputes in line with the UN Convention of Law of the Seas.


China claims large areas of Laos on historical precedent of China’s Yuan Dynasty during 1271-1368


China has, on occasions, claimed part of the country on historical precedent (China’s Ming dynasty 1368-1644)


Thailand opposes China’s dredging on the Mekong River since 2001 for large ships to carry goods from its landlocked Yunnan province to ports in Thailand, Laos and remaining southeast Asia. China has also built hydropower dams on the main stream of the Mekong River, altering the natural flood-drought cycle, affecting ecosystems as well as economies of countries on the lower Mekong River.

The Thai Cabinet scrapped a Chinese-led dredging project in February 2020 to blast rapids on the Mekong river. This had already led to fall in water levels and fers that it would lead to drought and affect 6 million people in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam


Japan’s dispute with China centers around South China Sea, particularly Senkaku Islands, Ryukyu Islands and the overlapping Air Defence Identification Zone and Exclusive Economic Zone in the East China Sea


Vietnam, which fought a bloody war with China in 1979 when Beijing tried to teach its former ally a lesson, has stood its ground on its territorial claims over parts of the South China Sea, and the Macclesfield Bank, Paracel Islands and the Spratly Islands. Last month, a Chinese ship rammed a Vietnamese fishing boat operating in the Paracel Islands that was seen as an effort by Beijing to flex muscles to enforce a unilateral fishing ban in parts of the South China Sea against vessels from another nation.


China occupies 38,000 sq km Indian territory in the Aksai Chin region apart from staking claim on Arunachal Pradesh and Ladakh. It was this expansionist policy that led to the ongoing standoff between the Indian Army and the Chinese PLA that escalated into a violent scrap in Ladakh’s Galwan valley. Another 5,163 sq km of Shaksgam valley was illegally ceded by Pakistan to China in 1963. Hence, the total Indian territory occupied by China is over 43 ,000 sq km.


Nepal and China have pending border issues over three boundary pillars in Dolakha and two in the vicinity of Mt Everest. There have, however, been reports that China has illegally occupied strategic land at 12 places across Nepal. China has also claimed part of Nepal dating back to the Sino-Nepalese war in 1788-1792, claiming that some parts of Nepal are part of Tibet and therefore, part of China.


China claims all of Taiwan but particular disputes are Macclesfield Bank, Paracel Islands Scarborough Shoal, part of South China Sea and the Spratly Islands. The Paracel Islands, also called Xisha Islands in zvietnamese, is a group of islands in the South China Sea whose sovereignty is disputed.

North Korea

The two countries have a continuing dispute over Mount Paektu and Yalu and Tuman rivers. China has also claimed Baekhu Mountain and Jiandao. Beijing has, on occasions, claimed all of North Korea on historical grounds (Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368)

South Korea

South Korea and China have an overlapping Air Defence Identification Zone and a continuing Exclusive Economic Zone dispute over Leodo (Socotra Rock) in the East China Sea. China has also, on occasions, claimed entire South Korea on historical grounds (Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368)


China and Mongolia have settled their boundary dispute but China has claimed all of Mongolia on historical precedent (Yuan Dynasty 1271-1368).


Bhutanese enclaves in Tibet, namely Cherkip, Gompa, Dho, Dungmar, Gesur, Gezon, Itse Gompa, Khochar, Nyanri, Ringung, Sanmar, Tarchen and Zuthulphuk. Bhutan has lost a substantial chunk of area under dispute including the Kula Kangri peak to slow encroachments by China. Beijing claims Kula Kangri and mountainous areas to the west of this peak in addition to the western Haa district of Bhutan.


The two sides have a bilateral dispute dating back to 1884 when a border demarcation agreement between the Qing Dynasty and Tsarist Russia left large segments of the frontier in the sparsely-populated eastern Pamirs without a clear definition.

The Chinese claims are based on historical precedent (Qing Dynasty 1644-1912).

In 1991, Tajikistan inherited from the Soviet Union three disputed border segments constituting about 28,000 sq km which China and the Soviet Union had been unable to resolve.

In 1999, Tajikistan and China signed a border demarcation agreement defining the border in two of the three segments. Under this deal, Tajikistan ceded about 200 sw km lands to China. In 2002, Tajikistan agreed to cede 1,122 sq km or about four percent of the territory that Beijing had claimed. China has, in all, settled for 3.5 per cent of the claimed territory.


China has laid claim to a territory in Kazakhstan stretching from Semirechie to Lake Balkhash covering 34,000 sq km. In May 2020, a Chinese website ‘’ published an article claiming that Kazakhstan is located on territories that historically belong to China.

China has settled for 22 per cent of its claim over Kazakh territory. Despite a border demarcation treaty with China in 1994 and claim by Kazakh state media that the Kazakhstan government had succeeded in retaining 56.9 percent of the disputed territory, critics had opined that the remaining 43.1 per cent of the land also belonged to Kazakhstan for which a new deal should be signed.


China lays claim to the whole of Kyrgyz territory. In May 2020, Chinese website published an article on such a claim and argued that under the Han Dynasty, the entire Kyrgyz territory was part of the Chinese mainland before the Russian empire captured it.

Chia has settled for 32 percent of its claim over Kyrgyz territory. Under the 1999 agreement, Kyrgyzstan handed over 1,250 sq km to China.


Despite signing bilateral agreements in 1991 and 1994 to delimit the estern and wester section of the Russia-China border, a few sectors remain unresolved. There are 160,000 sq km still unilaterally claimed by China despite signing several agreements.

In October 2004, the 4,300 sq border was finally demarcated in its entirety, thus resolving a 300-year-old territorial dispute.

In 2005, the Russian Parliament ratified the agreement in 2008, a part of the Abagaitu Islet, the entire Tarabarov Bolshoi Ussuriysk Island and some adjacent river islets were handed over to China."

So between the list of border conflicts and the list of countries supporting China's human rights record, we have an indication of who China's allies and enemies are, around the world.

John Xenakis is author of: "World View: War Between China and Japan: Why America Must Be Prepared" (Generational Theory Book Series, Book 2), June 2019, Paperback: 331 pages, with over 200 source references, $13.99


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